In 1948 the New York State legislature created Boards of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) to provide shared educational programs and services
to school districts within the state. Today there are 37 BOCES, incorporating all but nine of the state’s school districts. BOCES partner with districts to provide a broad range of services that help meet the evolving educational needs of students.
BOCES membership is not currently available to the "Big Five" city school districts: New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Yonkers, and Syracuse.
The BOCES network is capable of including municipalities and divisions of the state with school districts in the provision of cost-effective services.